Urban and interurban passenger transport
En France, les transports publics permettent la réalisation de plus 5 milliards de déplacements par an pour un coût global de l’ordre de 17.5 milliards d’euros
In France, public transport accounts for over 5 billion journeys a year at an overall cost in the order of €17.5 billion.
These services are highly subsidised. The ratio of fare revenues to expenditure (31.5% in 2012) has constantly decreased, creating an increasing burden on local authorities. It is principally a combination of effects which explains this situation:
- The extension of the range of services,
- The rise in production costs per kilometre, due mainly to an increase in the wage bill, energy costs and the tightening of security and accessibility regulations,
- Fare rises in recent years which have been far from proportional,
- Urban sprawl.
The strong competition between private operators (Keolis, Transdev, Ratp Dev, Car Postal, etc.) has led to limited rises in public subsidies, sometimes resulting in a strain on the quality of service.
Faced with this situation, many local authorities are rethinking their transport strategy: significant restructuring of the range of the services, better incorporation of multi-modality and interoperability, the overhaul of pricing structures, developments in the business model for contracts, the creation of public operators (public companies or state-owned companies), the optimisation of the funding of reserved transport lanes, etc.
Within local authorities, transport services are tending to becomegenuine mobility services and the orchestrators of an integrated, multi-modal transport service (bus, car, train, car-sharing, non-motorised modes, etc.)
Internationally,the situations encountered are very diverse. In emerging countries, the race against the clock has begun to avoid automobile congestion. The massive journey flows need to be channelled into systems like the rapid transit bus or motorised modes (metro, tram). The authorities responsible for the governance of transport in areas of high density must assert themselves and assume a role in coordinating and regulating an often disparate range of services.
In this sector, Espelia deploys its full operational expertise. More specifically, the firm supports local authorities in:
- carrying out technical, economic, financial and legal audits of urban and interurban public transport services
- in-depth studies and assistance in the choice of management mode for public transport services (outsourced management or through state-owned companies)
- financial modelling and ascertaining costs in order to assess the budgetary viability of local authority transport projects (rapid transit bus, trams, etc.)
- assisting with putting together grant application dossiers (Grenelle, etc.)
- assisting with the allocation of transport responsibilities (départements, regions, inter-community authorities) and the delegating of responsibilities
- harmonising transport services (inter-modality, pricing, traveller information, communications) through technical partnerships
- contracting operations (public tenders, concessions, leases, state-owned companies with a stake, etc.) from private operators
- creating project leadership structures (local authority syndicates)
- creating public operators or public/private partnerships to run the services
- monitoring contracts and optimising operations (introduction of indicators, dashboards, monitoring of annual activity reports, renegotiating of contracts, etc.)